What is LPG



What is liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)?


LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) is a mixture of gaseous hydrocarbons, mainly containing propane and butane, derived from both natural gas extraction and crude oil refining.

LPG can be easily transported by any means: by sea with the help of ships and by land with the help of tank vehicles and tank wagons.
Due to its high calorific value and versatility, the LPG is unique, safe and environmentally friendly.

LPG is a modern and reliable fuel used in many environments and applications.

Importance of LPG and market development

ButanGas Romania has been one of the largest LPG distribution companies on the Romanian market since 1996.
The ButanGas team is responsible for the company’s business success and in its over 20 years of Romanian presence has attained numerous achievements and has focused its attention on Customers to whom it has given the guarantee of the most efficient high-quality services and the safest and most reliable products.

Uses of LPG

Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is a highly versatile, easy to use, cost-effective and environmentally friendly source of energy.
It is used in various fields, from the domestic to the industrial, the agricultural and automotive sector.

Domestic use:
In its domestic application it meets all the energy needs of a family (cooking, hot water, heating, cooling, electricity production).

LPG also provides the end user with complete self-management of the system, of its use and maintenance.
As far as heating is concerned, the use of electric heaters/fan coil units with sealed combustion chamber does not allow lower oxygen levels in the apartment and makes it possible to release combustion residues outside without polluting the home environment.

Cooling: from hot to cool.
Low-cost machines that convert the heat generated by LPG to cold for space cooling requirements.
The use of LPG-powered household appliances and devices, such as refrigerators, washer/dryer machines, lawn mowers, outdoor radiators, mosquito repellent devices, pool heaters, water pressure washers, vacuum cleaners, power generators, etc. is also widespread.

Pipeline networks in cities/residential areas:
the installation of on-demand sized tanks, the local distribution through underground pipes and the installation of meters to take consumption readings (such as methane) allow the use of LPG in locations not supplied with natural gas with significantly lower costs for the community.

Other uses: hotels, supermarkets, shopping centers, catering, fitness centers.
The easy installation and immediate use at competitive prices, the constant output, the availability of versatile energy at different times of the year, always ready and with no fixed costs, all these encourage the use of LPG in this area.

Sport/sports clubs
The use of LPG is widespread, for example, for hot-air balloons and sports facilities (football fields, athletics tracks, etc.), for which the use of LPG is convenient in order to heat small rooms and showers given the distance from the natural gas network and/or high connection costs.

Agricultural and zootechnical use

  • Drying (tobacco, rice, salt, cereal, fodder, fruit, etc.).
  • Roasting coffee
  • Incinerating waste from slaughterhouses
  • Flame weeding – destroying weeds in crops – unlike chemicals, the use of LPG does not pollute soil and groundwater)
  • Poultry and pig farms (LPG ensures even heat distribution and faster animal growth, as well as lower mortality rate)
  • Greenhouses (the optimal carbon fertilization provided by GLP increases the leaf mass of plants)

Industrial/handicraft use
The constant output of the product makes LPG the ideal fuel for sectors where high caloric power and continuous and constant output are required in the production process at the place of use.
Areas that make growing use of LPG (some examples):
food, metallurgy, flame equipment, glassware, ceramics, precious metals, sewage sludge drying, marble processing, leather processing, galvanic treatment, footwear heat treatment, plastics for glass manufacturing, heat treatment of nylon/plastic packaging, paint drying, plastic foam processing and asphalt production, sealing, bonding, mortar drying, paint removal in shipbuilding, refrigeration rooms.
Spray can propellant (replacing CFC, the greenhouse gas that has contributed to the ozone depletion and has been banned by the Montreal Protocol).

Due to its features, LPG is extremely suitable for this type of energy conversion where the primary energy, LPG, produces heat, electricity and cold with significantly lower losses, pollution and energy bills.
Polygeneration (in current projects, especially in greenhouses) is the process that not only generates heat, cold, electricity, but also recovers CO2 emissions from the combustion of LPG and feeds them back into the greenhouse for better plant growth.

Automotive sector
The world is mobilizing to find alternatives to traditional fuels (gasoline and Diesel) that are among the factors most responsible (25%) for air pollution.